A herniated disc, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, is a common spinal injury that occurs when the soft inner material of a spinal disc protrudes through the outer layer. This can cause compression or irritation of nearby nerves, resulting in a range of symptoms.

Herniated discs can be caused by a variety of factors, including age-related degeneration, injury or trauma, and repetitive strain or motion. Symptoms can include pain, numbness or tingling in the affected area, weakness in muscles that are innervated by the affected nerves, and difficulty with movement.

Treatment for a herniated disc may depend on the severity of symptoms and the location of the injury. Conservative treatments, such as rest, physical therapy, and pain management, can be effective for many cases. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to relieve nerve compression or correct spinal alignment.

Prevention of herniated discs can involve maintaining proper posture, engaging in regular exercise, and avoiding activities that put excessive strain on the spine. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of a herniated disc, as early diagnosis and treatment can lead to a faster and more complete recovery.

Overall, a herniated disc can cause significant discomfort and limitations in daily life, but with proper treatment and prevention, individuals can manage their symptoms and maintain a healthy spine.